New finishing processes available

Less-toxic aluminium surface treatment complies with the latest regulations and is approved by Airbus

Posted on 24 May 2017 and read 1247 times
New finishing processes availableThe European Union’s REACH regulation effectively bans the use of hexavalent chromium for the surface treatment of components with effect from September 2017.

Exemptions may be granted only in exceptional cases, such as military-aviation applications. Less toxic aluminium surface treatment processes have been developed to replace the use of chrome, such as TSA (tartaric sulphuric acid) and PSA (phosphoric sulphuric acid).

One of the firms that has developed both of these alternatives is Galvatek, a manufacturer of surface treatment lines that is represented in the UK by Turbex Ltd, Alton, Hampshire ( Now available in the UK, the processes comply with REACH and are more environment-friendly, less costly and much easier to use.

Galvatek’s Arto Jämsén says: “The benefits of using chromic acid anodising — CAA — have been its excellent resilience, low friction and anti-corrosive properties. The problem is that toxins are released when using this process, so it is understandable that the EU wants to discontinue it in order to reduce pollution and make the working environment safer.

“Replacing CAA with TSA can halve both power consumption and anodising time. It also requires less air extraction, resulting in a significant reduction in energy consumption.

“Further savings are gained during waste-water processing. What is most important is that the treated components are at least as good as they would have been using the old CAA process.”

Airbus requirement

Patricomp — based in Halli, Finland, and part of the Spanish Aernnova Aerospace Corporation — supplies components to the aerospace industry, including Airbus, Embraer, Saab and the Finnish Air Force. It is the sole supplier of elevator tips for the Airbus 350, for example.

Turbex 1Sales director Jari Vasenius said: “We needed a new aluminium surface treatment line to comply with the REACH regulations, as well as the demands of our customers. Airbus is switching to chrome-free components, and TSA is an Airbus-approved process.

“We were given very precise specifications by them, resulting in the introduction of a new Galvatek process. The treatment of each component is recorded and documented in the line’s Galcont control system, making it easy to obtain Nadcap certification and to comply with audits carried out by Airbus and other aircraft manufacturers.”

Galvatek has more than 35 years’ experience in the supply of aluminium surface treatment lines for the production of aircraft components world-wide. It also has a long history of building chemical cleaning lines for the maintenance, repair and overhaul of aero engines.

Patricomp already had a surface treatment line from Galvatek. Installed in the late 1980s to assist in the manufacture of aviation components for the Saab 2000 turboprop airliner (in collaboration with another Finnish company, Patria Group), the surface treatment line was modified in the 1990s, when Patria began manufacturing components for F-18 Hornet fighter jets used by the Finnish Air Force.

Turbex 2Patricomp production manager Mirka Laakso said: “Today, the same surface treatment line is used for CAA, TSA, cadmium, passivation, chroming and chemical milling. While other companies are discontinuing the use of cadmium, we are actually investing in it to meet the demands of the military-aviation sector.”

Rapid modernisation

Patricomp contacted Galvatek in spring 2012 about modernising the line. The work began in September 2013 and was finished slightly ahead of schedule later that year. The line was tested, and Airbus approval was obtained in March 2014.

Mr Laakso said: “Galvatek calculated exactly what was required to comply with Airbus’s specifications in terms of electrical consumption, the surface area of the cathodes and fluid flows.

In practice, the upgrade involved re-lining some of the tanks, renewing electrical systems, increasing the number of sensors needed for documentation and filtering the sulphuric and tartaric acids using UV lights to prevent the formation of algae.

“Auditors from Airbus were very satisfied with the final result, especially the documentation relating to the processing of individual components.”

In conclusion, Mr Vasenius said: “The new treatment is in marked contrast to the old system, which saw components manually loaded into tanks with no process control. These days, it would be very difficult or impossible to obtain aerospace approvals for such a line.”

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