Ocean Harvesting's WEC system can generate energy sustainably and CO2-neutrally from sea waves. Photos: Ocean Harvesting
Swedish start-up Ocean Harvesting
has developed pioneering technology to harness an inexhaustible source of energy — the motion of sea waves. With a floating buoy it is now possible to convert the up-and-down motion of the sea surface into electrical energy — and heavy-duty ball screws supplied by NSK
have an important role to play (see picture below).
The basic idea of the system, called InfinityWEC (wave energy converter), centres on buoys attached to the seabed. Ocean swells cause the buoys to rise and fall, with this movement captured by a hydraulic constant-force spring system (a hydraulic cylinder connected to a large gas volume) and two heavy-duty ball screws from NSK.
The nuts of ball screws connect directly to the cylinder, thus converting up and down linear movement into a rotary motion (of the ball screw spindle) that acts directly on a generator to produce electrical power.
Many detailed solutions had to be developed before this elegant and sustainable concept could be put into practice. For instance, it is essential to guarantee the optimum alignment of the buoy motion for each individual wave, as this is vital for effective energy generation. It is also necessary to guarantee the downward return movement of the ball screw nut, a task performed by the hydraulic cylinder. The cylinder stores part of the energy generated due to the buoyancy force and releases it to the ball screw when it moves down.
Choosing the drive system for these functions also required great diligence — especially as the drive constantly operates under adverse environmental conditions (sealed under water) with limited possibility of performing maintenance.
Mikael Sidenmark, CEO of Ocean Harvesting Technologies AB, said: “Compared with winches and rack and pinion drives we evaluated, we found that ball screws are the best option to provide high-force, long-stroke, high-efficiency and high rotary output to the generator.”
The company’s engineers opted for NSK because of the very long service life of the heavy-duty ball screws from NSK’s HTF series. Mr Sidenmark added: “The ball screws are expected to perform 100 million load cycles in 20 years — that is very demanding.”
Another reason for collaborating with NSK, says Mr Sidenmark, is the good level of support available. The development of HTF series heavy-duty ball screws was originally to serve heavy-duty machine tool applications, such as presses and other forming machines, as well as injection moulding machines with electric rather than hydraulic drives.
Thanks to their ability to withstand very high loads while achieving exceptionally long service life, HTF series ball screws are also suitable for other infrastructure applications, like damping elements in innovative systems that help protect high-rise buildings from earthquakes.
Ocean Harvesting is currently testing a prototype of the ‘InfinityWEC’ on a scale of 1:10. If successful, testing of a 1:3 scale prototype will follow. In 2024 there will be a first full-size ‘wave energy plant’ to prove its viability. In the meantime, NSK will also be busy with development work, designing and manufacturing an HTF heavy-duty ball screw in the size that will be required.