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‘Old dog — new tricks’

Used sliding-head lathe receives full support from the manufacturer’s UK subsidiary

Posted on 03 Oct 2020 and read 1750 times
‘Old dog — new tricks’Despite starting out more than 25 years ago, Dudley-based TWP Manufacturing opened its CNC machine shop as recently as the beginning of 2019, to produce in-house most of the components needed for its proprietary products.

These include photographic darkroom and studio equipment, gardening products (including wheelbarrows), and security anchors. The firm also provides sub-contract press working and injection moulding services to a wide range of industries, particularly the automotive sector.

Vertical machining centres and a single-spindle fixed-head bar auto are still to be found on the shopfloor, but in May 2020 TWP bought its first sliding-head twin-spindle lathe — a 20-year-old Citizen Cincom M32 equipped with an Iemca Boss 432r bar-feeder.

The machine was originally sold in 2000 by the Japanese manufacturer’s then agent for the British and Irish markets, NC Engineering, which in 2008 became a wholly-owned subsidiary — Citizen Machinery UK Ltd.

Citizen 1Phil Stanley, TWP director, said: “We were previously outsourcing the production of a lot of our turned parts, including to sub-contractors in the Far East.

“However it became apparent that, the way we were expanding, it would be necessary to bring component manufacturing in-house to cope with the higher volumes, as well as to have more control over production.”

To fulfil the predicted quantities, the company recognised that it needed a turning centre with more speed and capability than its fixed-head lathe without driven tools, because when using this machine there was frequently a requirement for additional operations.

Sometimes a component needed to be parted-off and inverted in the chuck if it required machining on the reverse end. If milling and drilling operations were involved, they had to be accomplished by setting up the job on a machining centre. Furthermore, many components formerly required manual de-pipping, which added labour cost.

None of these shortcomings are suffered by the Cincom. It can synchronously and automatically transfer a component from the main spindle to the counter spindle for back-end machining while front-end operations are carried out simultaneously on a new length of bar.

Moreover, prismatic features are undertaken in the same cycle using live cutters and the tool carrier’s Y axis — and components come off the lathe pip-free after parting-off due to close control over the machine’s spindle speeds and feed rates.

Single-cycle operations

Production times have also been drastically reduced. For example, what had previously been a 3.5min cycle is now a single 1min cycle without any manual intervention — and parts can go straight to plating.

Mr Stanley added: “The speed and surface finish we are achieving are just incredible; and the fact that there is no operator intervention means that we can implement lights-out production, which we are looking to do later this year.”

In the first few months of operation, the Cincom M32 was devoted to large-volume production of one particular component, but another four part numbers have since been added. All are machined from 1in hexagonal steel bar and annual production will exceed 200,000-off.

Citizen 2Pre-sales time studies and cutting trials carried out by Citizen Machinery UK showed that all five of TWP’s components could be produced within tolerance at the required throughput.

The calculations were carried out following a visit to the Dudley factory by managing director Edward James and regional sales engineer Warren Garratt, who advised TWP on how best to proceed with its in-house turned parts production strategy.

In conclusion, Mr Stanley said: “Even though the machine was 20 years old and we bought it independently on the second-hand market, from the outset Citizen has been supporting us.

“First, the company demonstrated the same type of machine in its showroom, which was a ‘light-bulb’ moment for us. Next they wrote the first program and carried out a cycle time calculation, repeating the same procedure for four further components.

“Citizen supported us through machine installation and commissioning, helped with tooling, setting-up and maintenance — and then trained us to operate the lathe and their Alkart CNC Wizard programming system.

“If their assistance had not been forthcoming, without a shadow of a doubt we would not have been able to progress, especially as some of our operators have never used a machine like the Cincom before.

“The support we have received all the way through these processes has been brilliant and has enabled us to take a massive step up the ladder in respect of in-house production of turn-milled components.”